Format Guidelines

1. Written work should always be in American English. If you are an international writer, please adjust the language setting in your word processor before finalizing and submitting your work.

2. Quoted material should be placed in double quotation marks. Single quotation marks should only be used as second-level punctuation. Example: “Please format your ‘quotes’ like this.”

3. Periods and commas should be placed within closing quotation marks. Example: “This is how it should appear,” he said. “Just like this.”

4. Separate sentences with a single space.

5. Please use serial commas (i.e., the “Oxford comma”).

6. In instances that require a dash, please use the “en dash” with a space on both sides.

7. Please use this format for possessive words already ending in “s”: Hermes’ and Socrates’ (not Hermes’s and Socrates’s).

8. Please feel free to use contractions.

9. Use “a” before words that start with a consonant sound; e.g., eulogy, historic, etc. Use “an” before words that start with a vowel sound; e.g., hour, LSAT, etc.

10. Numbers up to one hundred should typically be spelled out, along with larger numbers that are “round” (e.g., twenty thousand instead of 20,000). Years can remain numerical (e.g., 2015, not two thousand fifteen), but centuries should be spelled out (e.g., nineteenth century instead of 19th century).

11. Titles of books, films, magazines, newspapers, albums, and television shows should be italicized. Chapter, article, episode, and track titles should be placed in double quotation marks.

12. Embedded hyperlinks to relevant, reputable, and reliable online sources are preferred over formal citations. In cases where source material does require formal citation, endnotes should be used and formatted in accordance with the latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

13. Do not include bibliographic reference lists with your work.